The Ticka is truly an international camera. Variations of the same camera were patented, manufactured and sold in several countries. The original was designed by Magnus Niell (see the Submini Hall of Fame) and the first patents were made in the US, England and Germany around 1904. Production started in short order through several companies, and the camera was very popular. At the turn of the century, disguised cameras were the rage and the Ticka fanned the flames by selling an inexpensive pocketwatch camera. The camera did not have a watch inside, and it is a little large for a pocketwatch -- about an inch thick and nearly three inches across -- but it is still very pocketable. It had two shutter speeds -- B and I (1/50) -- and a fixed-focus 30mm (f16) lens. It took 16x22mm images on short rolls of film in special metal cassettes. The lens was inside the "neck" of the "watch". The winding knob acted as a lenscap! A wide variety of accessories were available, such as a waist-level finder, an eye-level finder, an enlarger, shutter timer, tripod and more. In addition, various modifications to the camera were made in different countries. These are very rare and prized by collectors. A solid silver model was sold for one year in England as was a model with a watchface. The watch didn't work, but the watch hands were fixed at 10:10 pointing out the angle of view of the lens. There was even a model with a focal plane shutter offering speeds from 1/75 to 1/400, plus B. On some models a focusing f6.5 lens was available. In the US, the camera was sold as the EXPO and was available in a variety of colors. To complicate the designs even more, the names on the exteriors of the cameras are seen with various type faces. See Expo and Moment.
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