In a nutshell, the paper (B&W or color) is placed under the enlarger
and exposed. Just as in a camera, the exposure and focusing must be
image selection -- choose a negative or slide that is correctly exposed and
paper -- select the type and size of paper to be used
focusing -- place the film in the enlarger and focus the image
exposure -- determine the correct f-stop and exposure time
Finally, the paper is placed under the enlarger, exposed and then processed.
Here are the materials you'll need to complete the steps. You have
a lot of options in terms of equipment. Check out the
CAMERA SHOP for more details.
enlarger -- projects the negative or slide onto photographic paper. There
are many styles and sizes available
negative/slide carrier -- get the right sized carrier for your images
lens -- get the right focal length for your images
safe light(s) -- provide light so you can see what you are doing . The
light from the safelight will not expose the paper
easel -- holds the paper flat under the enlarger as it is being exposed
grain magnifier -- focuses the image on the paper
timer -- a watch with an illuminated dial will do, but darkroom timers are
easier to work with
exposure meter -- so you'll know what f-stop and exposure time to set
brush -- a very soft one to remove dust from the film
Here are the steps in detail:
1. Select and clean a negative or slide.
2. Select the type and size of paper you want
3. Turn the lights out and turn the safelights on.
4. Place the film in the enlarger and turn on the enlarger
5. At the maximum f-stop, compose and focus the image with the grain focuser
on the easel
6. Determine the correct exposure (and color settings) according to the metering
meter that you have available
7. Turn the enlarger off.
8. Put the paper in the easel
9. Set the f-stop and exposure time according to step #6
10. Expose the paper
11. Proceed with processing the paper
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contact the Sub Club at the FRONT
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